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Who's Who in Medieval History and the Renaissance


William the Conqueror

c. 1028-1087

Military Leader
King

 

Britain
France

Also known as William of Normandy and William the Bastard, King William I of England was the illegitimate son of Duke Robert of Normandy, France. Though his blood claim to the throne of England was slim, he set his sights on the land once governed by his cousin, Edward the Confessor, and claimed the old king had named him his heir. In October of 1066, William the Conqueror successfully invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson to win the crown.

As King of England William initiated or oversaw numerous changes, including an extensive plan of castle-building and a more rigidly structured system of feudal government than England had previously known. The Anglo-Saxon population was ruled primarily by William's Norman comrades, resulting in a gulf between two classes that took centuries to shrink.

One of King William's most significant acts was to comission the Domesday Survey, which catalogued the population of England and to this day serves as useful data for the historian. William also ordered the building of the Tower of London and Battle Abbey.


Important Dates

Triumphant at Hastings: Oct. 14, 1066
Crowned: Dec. 25, 1066
Died: Sept. 9, 1087


Dynastic Table

Medieval & Renaissance Monarchs of England
Use this table to see the progression of Kings and Queens from Egbert of Wessex in the ninth century to Elizabeth I in the sixteenth. Hyperlinks lead to entries in Who's Who.


From Your Guide

Conquest
This four-part examination of the events leading up to the Norman Conquest, the invasion itself, and its aftermath includes background on the various claimants to the throne.

The Quest for Conquest
25 questions about the Norman Conquest. Miss one and you have to start over -- but finish the quiz and get your name posted in our list of Conquerors.


Image

William the Conqueror
We have no contemporary images of William, but we do have the vision of a 17th-century artist that may be based on period description. This public-domain graphic from the 1906 publication Makers of History is free for your use. Part of the Medieval and Renaissance History Portrait Gallery here at this site.


On the Web

William the Conqueror on the Web


In Print

William the Conqueror in Print


Related Resources

Norman Conquest
An index of sites offering background on events leading to the invasion, the invasion itself, its aftermath, and the people involved.

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Who's Who Directories

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

Chronological Index

Index by Profession, Achievement,or Role in Society

Geographical Index

 

Who's Who in Medieval History is copyright © 2000-2013 Melissa Snell. All rights reserved.

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