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Who's Who in Medieval History and the Renaissance

King Henry III of England




Great Britain: England

Only nine years old when his father, King John, died, Henry was the first English monarch to be crowned while still a child. Upon reaching adulthood, his indifference to tradition and lack of effective ruling ability resulted in the barons forcing him to agree to a series of reforms known as the Provisions of Oxford. Later, when he refused to implement the provisions, a revolt resulted and he was captured by Simon de Montfort at the Battle of Lewes. Henry was restored to the throne when de Montfort was defeated by Henry's son Edward at the Battle of Evesham over a year later.

Important Dates

Born: Oct. 1, 1207
Crowned (first time): Oct. 28, 1216
Crowned (second time): May 17, 1220
Provisions of Oxford Issued: June 10, 1258
Captured at Battle of Lewes: May 14, 1264
Died: Nov. 16, 1272

Dynastic Table

Medieval & Renaissance Monarchs of England
Use this table to see the progression of Kings and Queens from Egbert of Wessex in the ninth century to Elizabeth I in the sixteenth. Hyperlinks lead to entries in Who's Who.


King Henry III of England
This portrait from Cassell's History of England - Century Edition is free for your use. Part of the Medieval and Renaissance History Portrait Gallery here at this site.

On the Web

Britannica.com: Henry III
Thorough overview of Henry's life and reign.

Henry III
Extremely brief bio by Colin Hinson.

Henry III
Multipage overview at Infoplease.

Henry III (1216-72 AD)
Concise and informative bio at Britannia Magazine.

The Provisions of Oxford
Useful explanation of the reforms and their history at Infoplease.

In Print

The links below will take you to a site where you can compare prices at booksellers across the web. More in-depth info about the book may be found by clicking on to the book's page at one of the online merchants.

The Reign of Henry III
by D. A. Carpenter

England & Europe in the Reign of Henry III (1216-1272)
edited by Bjorn K.U. Weiler and Ifor W. Rowlands

England and Its Rulers: 1066-1272
by M. T. Clanchy

Related Resources

Medieval Britain
Sites that focus on general British medieval history, people, places, events, documents, the Norman Conquest, the Wars of the Roses, and other aspects of Britain in the Middle Ages.

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