1. Education

The Carolingian Empire

Charlemagne, his predecessors and successors, and the empire they built.
  1. Charlemagne

'Becoming Charlemagne' by Jeff Sypeck
Your Guide's review of Becoming Charlemagne: Europe, Baghdad, and the Empires of A.D. 800 by Jeff Sypeck.

Early Carolingian Rulers
Use this quick-reference table to see the progression of Mayors of the Palace, Kings, and Emperors who ruled Carolingian territory.

What Made Charles So Great?
An introduction to the life of Charlemagne and his impact on European history.

Europe at the Death of Charles the Great
From The Public Schools Historical Atlas, edited by C. Colbeck, published by Longmans, Green, and Co. 1905, a map showing the political divisions of Europe at Charlemagne's death in 814, here at the Medieval History site.

Charlemagne Picture Gallery
No contemporary illustrations of Charlemagne exist, but a description provided by his friend and biographer Einhard has inspired numerous portraits and statues.

Arnulf's real authority did not extend far beyond the confines of Bavaria, and he contented himself with a nominal recognition of his supremacy by the kings who sprang up in various parts of the Empire. An article from the 1911 Encyclopedia.

The Carolingian Empire
Helpful and amusing lecture by Dr. Lynn H. Nelson at the Online Resource Book for Medieval Studies provides a good general overview.

The Fall of the Carolingian Empire
Another enjoyable lecture by Lynn H. Nelson covers the empire after Charlemagne's death.

The Carolingian Era
23-page overview by Dr. Knox at his History of Western Civilization course includes information on France during the Carolingian age and the predecessors and successors of Charlemagne as well as the king himself.

Charlemagne and the Carolingian Renaissance
Good general overview of the Carolingian civilization and significant individuals who contributed to its rise, by Steven Kreis at the History Guide.

The Frankish Empire
Overview of the Merovingian and Carolingian dynasties includes links to helpful maps, images, and primary sources. Part of the First Europe Tutorial at The University of Calgary.

The Battle of Tours: 732
Concise overview of Charles Martel's victory against the Muslims is accompanied by a useful map, at Northpark University's Medieval Chronology pages.

The Medieval Sourcebook: Carolingians and After
Collection of primary sources by Paul Halsall at Fordham University concerning Charlemagne, the rise of his predecessors, and his legal, social, and cultural legacy.

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