Englishry was a fine paid by the hundred whenever the homicide of an unknown individual took place.
After the Norman Conquest, there was considerable unrest among the conquered Anglo-Saxons, or English. This sometimes materialized in physical attacks on Normans; Englishmen would even lay in wait and ambush their targets. In an attempt to reduce these incidents, the hundred was made responsible for these murders. Any time a body was found, the hundred had to pay a fairly steep fine, unless they could prove the body was not Norman, but English.