1. Education

Later Crusades

Osbernus: De expugnatione Lyxbonensi, 1147
A contemporary account of the expedition of Anglo-Norman sailors of the Second Crusade, whose mission was to conquer west-coast Iberian cities, at Paul Halsall's Medieval Sourcebook.

The Third Crusade
Dr. Knox's enlightening, 17-chapter overview of the events of the Third Crusade.

Third Crusade: Siege of Acre
An extensive look at the siege by Kenneth P. Czech at Military History Magazine, online at TheHistoryNet.

Letter from the East to Master of Hospitalers (1187)
Account of the fall of Jerusalem to Saladin in a letter to Grand Master Arehambault, scanned by Linda Xue, at Hanover University.

The Templars and the Battle of Hattin
Vivid and unstinting account of the circumstances surrounding the battle, the battle itself, and its consequences, by Stephen Dafoe at his History and Mythos of the Knights Templar site.

Richard The Lionheart Massacres The Saracens, 1191
A description of the events leading up to Richard I's execution of nearly 3,000 hostages is followed by the eyewitness account of Beha-ed-Din, a member of Saladin's court. Nicely done at the Eyewitness site.

Fourth Crusade: Conquest of Constantinople
Extensive, thorough, in-depth examination of the causes that led up to the taking of Constantinople by Latin Crusaders, by Jonathan Phillips at MHQ, online at TheHistoryNet.

Fourth Crusade
Extensive look at the events of the early 13th-century Crusade, by Richard McCaffery Robinson at Military History Magazine, online at TheHistoryNet.

The Abligensian Crusades (1209-1255)
A chronological overview of events is preceded by an introduction to Catharism and the political structure of Langedoc, at the Oriflamme Society. Note: allow the page to load entirely before using the navigation links.

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