1. Education


The Keepers of Knowledge
From your About.com Guide, a look at how monastics kept knowledge and learning alive in the middle ages.

Who's Who in Medieval History: Clerics and Monastics
From Peter Abelard to Peter the Hermit, this collection of individuals from our Who's Who resource all had something to do with monasticism or the Catholic Church.

Abbess - Superior of a Convent
An article about the Abbess, a Superior of a Convent or community of nuns, from the 1911 edition of a renowned encyclopedia.

Abbot - Superior of an Abbey or Monastery
An article about the Abbot, the head and chief governor of a community of monks, from the 1911 Encyclopedia.

Abbey - A Monastery or Conventual Establishment
This extensive multi-page article from the 1911 Encyclopedia examines the arrangements of Benedictine, Cistercian, Cluniac and other abbeys in England and Europe.

Aimoin - Monk - Writer - Historian
The chief work of French chronicler Aimoin was a history of the Franks that was much in vogue during the middle ages. Article from the 1911 Encyclopedia.

Pope Alexander V
This article from the 1911 Encyclopedia looks at Pope Alexander V, who was a Franciscan friar before his brief pontificate in 1409.

St. Alphege - Archbishop of Canterbury - Aelfhea
Alphege, or Aelfhea, came of a noble family, but in early life gave up everything for religion. An article from the 1911 Encyclopedia.

Autpert Ambrose - French Benedictine Monk
Autpert Ambrose became abbe of St Vincent on the Volturno in the time of Desiderius, king of the Lombards. A brief article from the 1911 Encyclopedia.

Ambrosians - Religious Brotherhood
Ambrosians is the name given to several religious brotherhoods which at various times since the 14th century have sprung up in and around Milan. A brief article from the 1911 Encyclopedia.

Saint Benedict of Nursia
This three-page article from the 1911 Encyclopedia covers the life of the founder of western monasticism.

The Benedictines, or Black Monks, were monks living according to the Rule of St Benedict of Nursia. A five-page article from the 1911 Encyclopedia.

Saint Bernard
Bernard's desire to enter a monastery was opposed by his relations, but his resolution to become a monk was not shaken. A five-page article from the 1911 Encyclopedia.

A Monk's Life
Attractive site at PBS.org provides concise bits of info on various portions of a monk's day, including Church services, work, rest, penance, community work and meals. Also offers a glossary, a daily timetable, a modernly paraphrased version of Benedict's rule, and a quiz. Shockwave and specific browsers are required, but links to free downloads are at the site.

The Cistercians
Brief but well-hyperlinked introduction to the history of the order by M. Basil Pennington covers its beginnings in the late eleventh century, its charter, expansion, decline, and reforms.

The Dissolution of the in the 16th Century
A look at how Henry VIII closed down, destroyed or otherwise ended the monasteries of England in the 16th century English Reformation, by Lindsay Clarke at British Heritage Magazine, online at TheHistoryNet.

Monastic Topics in the Catholic Encyclopedia
This useful four-page index linking to articles at the Catholic Encyclopedia online was compiled and placed online by the Order of Saint Benedict.

Monasticism in Britain
An introduction to monastic life in early medieval Britain and descriptions of the eleven major monastic orders, at Britannia Internet Magazine.

The Rule of St. Augustine
This translation by Robert Russell of the fourth-century guide to religious piety is copyrighted by the Brothers of the Order of Hermits of Saint Augustine, Inc., and provided online at Paul Halsall's Medieval Sourcebook.

The Rule of St. Benedict Compared with the Rule of the Templars
Extensive and intriguing article by Steven Grobschmidt at the ORB compares the religious guidelines of the purely monastic order with the largely military one.

The Rule of St. Columba
Monastic guideline attributed to the Irish monk who converted parts of Scotland and Northern England to Christianity, at Paul Halsall's Medieval Sourcebook.

Rule of the Franciscan Order
The rule, translated by David Burr, is preceded by an introduction at the ORB.

Foundation Charter of Cluny
Tenth-century document that was the basis for the establishment of the abbey at Cluny, at Paul Halsall's Medieval Sourcebook.

Translations from Rupert, Hildegard, and Guibert of Gembloux
Modern English translations of letters and other texts in medieval Latin concerning monastic issues, provided by Abigail Ann Young.

Woman under Monasticism
Chapters four, five, six and nine of Lina Eckstein's book on Saint-Lore and Convent Life between 500 and 1500 A.D.

Monasticism Quiz
The Quiz of the Day for January 6 is about Monasticism. Five quick questions about monasteries, monastics, and monastic orders.

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