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Pimbley's Dictionary of Heraldry: C

Heraldic Terms from Cabled to Champ

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Cabled - [See CABLEE.]

    "Cabled is applied to a cross formed of the two ends of a ship's cable; sometimes also to a cross covered over with rounds of rope; more properly called a cross corded." - Rees: Cyclopedia.

Cablee - A cross composed of two cable ends.

Caboched - [See CABOSHED.]

Caboshed - (ka-bosht') The head of a beast borne full-faced, without any neck showing.

    "Caboched, caboshed or cabossed . . . is where the head of a beast is cut off behind the ears by a section parallel to the face; or by a perpendicular section, in contradiction to couped, which is done by a horizontal line; besides that, it is farther from the ears than cabossing. The head, in this case, is placed full-faced, or affronté, so that no part of the neck can be visible. This bearing is by some called trunked." Rees: Cyclopedia.

Cabossed - [See CABOSHED.]

Cadence - (Ca'-dence) The different steps in the descent of a family.

Cadency - (Ca'-den-cy) As the original object of armorial bearings was to distinguish one iron encased warrior from another, it was also necessary to provide distinctive bearings for different members of a family all entitled to bear the paternal arms. This gave rise to the use of Marks of Cadency, or differences (called by the French brisure.) They are as follows:

  1. Label
  2. Crescent
  3. Mullet
  4. Martlet
  5. Annulet
  6. Fleur-de-lis
  7. Rose
  8. Cross Moline
  9. Octofoil

The eldest son (during the lifetime of his father) bears a label of three points; the second son, a crescent; the third, a mullet; the fourth, a martlet; the fifth, an annulet; the sixth, a fleur-de-lis; the seventh, a rose; the eighth, a cross moline; the ninth, an octofoil. A younger son of a younger son places a mark upon a mark. Thus the ninth son of a ninth son would place an octofoil upon an octofoil.

Cadet - A younger brother; a junior branch of a family.

Calf - The Calf appears in heraldry occasionally. Le Vele of Tortworth bore "Argent, on a bend sable three calves or," and Calverley, "Argent, on a fess gules three calves or."

Calthrop - (Cal'-throp) An implement of war, four-spiked, and when thrown on the ground one point always stood upright. Also known as caltrop and chevaltrap.

Caltrap - [See CALTHROP.]

Calvary Cross - A cross mounted on three steps. The steps allude to the three Christian graces - Faith, Hope and Charity.

Camelopardel - (Cam-el-o-par'-del) An imaginary beast, with neck and head like a camel, spotted like a leopard, with two straight horns similar to those of a giraffe.

Campane - (Cam-pa'ne) A bell; a bell shaped object.

Campaned - (Cam-pa'ned) Bearing bells, or furnished with bells. (Campane and Campaned are terms that are little used.)

Cannet - (Can'-net) A charge of ducks represented without beaks or feet.

Canting Arms - The same as Allusive Arms, which see, under ARMS.

Canton - (Can'-ton) A division of the field placed in the upper dexter corner. It is classed by some heraldic writers as one of the honorable ordinaries; but, strictly speaking, it is a diminutive of the Quarter, being two-thirds the area of that ordinary. However, in the roll of Henry III the quarter appears in several coats which in later rolls are blazoned as cantons. The canton, like the quarter, is an early bearing, and is always shown with straight lines.

Canton Sinister - A canton placed on the sinister side of the shield.

Cantoned - (Can'-toned) Applied to a shield in which the four spaces around a cross or saltier are filled with any pieces.

Cap of Maintenance - The cap of state carried before a sovereign at his coronation. Occasionally used as a bearing on a shield.

Cat - The cat figures in heraldry as the Musion, the Catamount, Cat-a-mountain, Wildcat and just plain cat.

The Keate family bore "Argent, three mountain cats passant in pale sable."

The musion was the emblem of Burgundy, and, according to a fable of the day, the arms of an imprisoned cat were granted to the knight who took prisoner Gundemar of Burgundy.

Catamount - [See CAT.]

Cat-a-mountain - [See CAT.]

Chabot - [See CHALBOT.]

Chafant - (Chaf'-ant) Applied to a boar when depicted as enraged.

Chain - The chain was borne by the kings of Navarre, the arms being blazoned: "Gules, a trellis of chains or, in cross saltire."

Chalbot - (shal'-bot) The heraldic name of the fish commonly known as Bullhead or Miller's Thumb.

Chamber - The Cylindrical part of ordnance is blazoned as Chamber. Example: "Three chambers sable, fired proper."

Champ - The field or ground of a field.

    "The champe of his field was gules." - Lydgate



Find another term:

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Cabled to Champ
Champain to Cock
Cockatrice to Coronet
Cost to Crest
Crined to Cygnet royal

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