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Pimbley's Dictionary of Heraldry: C, Page Two

Heraldic Terms from Champain to Cock

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Champain - (Cham'-pain) A mark of dishonor in the coat of arms of one who has killed an opponent after he has asked for quarter.

Chancellor - A functionary in an order of knighthood. For example, the Chancellor of the Order of the Garter, who acts in the capacity of secretary of that order.

Chapeau - (shap'-o) A cap of state borne by a duke.

Chaperon - (shap'-er-on) An ornamental hood worn by the Knights of the Garter when in full dress.

Chaperonnet - (shap-er-on'-net) A small hood.

Chapournet - (shap-our'-net) A chaperonnet borne in arms dividing the chief by a bow-shaped line.

Chaplet - A garland or wreath; a head band of leaves borne in coats of arms in token of great military prowess. The chaplet made its first appearance in the roll of Edward II.

Charge - To place upon an escutcheon.

Charge - Anything occupying the field in an escutcheon. There are two kinds of charges - proper and common.

Proper Charges - So called because they peculiarly belong to the art of heraldry. [See ORDINARY.]

Common Charges - Those charges which have been imported into heraldry from all quarters, representing an array of objects, natural and artificial, from reptiles and insects to human being and celestial figures.

    "The charge is that which is borne upon the color, except it be a coat divided only by partition." - Peacham.

Charged - A charge placed upon the field.

Chausse - (sho'-say) This term denotes a section in base formed by a line from the extremity of the base ascending to the side of the escutcheon, joining it at about the base point.

Checky - (check'-y) A field divided into small squares, of different tinctures, resembling a chess board. Usually made up of seven squares in the top line, and in depth according to the length of the shield.

Checquy - [See CHECKY]

Chess-rook - A bearing which resembles the rook, or castle, in chess.

Chester - One of the heralds of the College of Arms.

Cheval Trap - [See CALTHROP.]

Chevalier - (shev'-a-lier) A horseman armed at all points.

Chevron - (shev'-ron) - One of the honorable ordinaries. It is rafter shaped, and its breadth is one-fifth of the field. Its diminutives are the Chevronel, which is one-fifth of its breadth; and the Couple-close, one-quarter.

Chevron Couped - Applied to a chevron which does not reach the sides of an escutcheon.

Chevron in Chief - One which rises to the top of the shield.

Chevronel - (shev'-ron-el) A diminutive of the chevron, being half its breadth.

Chevrounne - [See CHEVRONNY.]

Chevronny - (shev'-ron-ny) A shield laid out in partitions chevronwise.

Chief - The head or upper part of the shield, containing a third of the field, and is divided off by one line, either straight or crenellé (indented). When one chief is borne upon another it is called surmounting.

In Chief - Anything borne in the chief.

On Chief - When the chief is charged with anything.

Chief Point - The uppermost part of the shield, and can be either dexter, middle or sinister.

Chimæra - (ki-me'-ra) A modification of some existing animal, such as the winged lion of St. Mark, the dragon, etc.

Cough - (shuff) [See AYLET.]

Cinquefoil - (sink'-foil) A five pointed leaf; usually borne without a stem.

Clarenceux - (Clar'-en-saw) The title of the second King-of-Arms. He ranks next to Garter.

Clarion - (klar'-i-un) An instrument somewhat resembling a trumpet. The clarion borne by Granville, however, resembles the pan-pipe.

Cleche - (clay'-shay) A cross charged with another of the same design, but having the same color as the field, leaving only a narrow border of the first cross visible. (Can be used of other bearings.) [Compare with VOIDED.]

Clouee - (klu'ay) [French.] Said of the fretty when nailed at the joints.

Close - The wings of a bird close to the body.

Closed - Applied to a bird borne with wings folded close to the body.

Closet - A diminutive of the bar, being one-quarter the breadth of that bearing.

Closeted - Inclosed within closets; supplied with closets.

Coambulant - Walking together.

Coat - Coat of arms, Coat-Armor, Cote-Armure, etc. - Originally armorial bearings were embroidered on the surcoat of the wearer. The term is now used for the escutcheon, or shield, when arms are displayed. [For further information on coats of arms see ARMS.]

Cock - This fowl is generally borne as a crest, but occasionally appears on the shield. When the beak, comb, wattles and spur are given, he is said to be beaked, wattled (or jewlapped) and armed.



Find another term:

A | B

Cabled to Champ
Champain to Cock
Cockatrice to Coronet
Cost to Crest
Crined to Cygnet royal

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