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Pimbley's Dictionary of Heraldry: C, Page Five

Heraldic Terms from Crined to Cygnet royal

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Crined - Used to describe an animal having its hair of a different tincture.

Croisant - (crois'-ant) A cross the ends of which terminate in crescents.

Cross - One of the earliest and noblest of the honorable ordinaries. When borne plain it is blazoned simply as a cross. There are, however, more than a hundred varieties, some of the better known being the following:

    Anchored
    Avellane
    Bezant
    Bottony
    Cablee
    Calvary
    Chain
    Cleche
    Crosslet
    Fitchee
    Flory
    Formee
    Moline
    Patee
    Potent
    Recercelee
    Voided

Cross Anchored - A cross in which the limbs terminate in anchors.

Cross Avellane - Ending in filbert husks.

Cross Bezant - A cross composed of bezants joined together.

Cross Bottany - With the limbs terminating in budlike prominences.

Cross Cablee - A cross made up of two cables.

Cross Corded - A cross bound or wound round with cords. (This term is sometimes applied, though erroneously, to the Cablée.)

Cross Cleche - A cross charged with another cross, of the same color of the field, so large that only a narrow border of the first cross remains visible.

Cross Crosslet - A cross having the three upper ends terminating in three little crosses. It is usually borne in numbers, but this is not always the case.

Cross Fitchee - Sharpened at the lower part; pointed like a dagger. The arms of the See of Canterbury represent four crosses patée fitchée.

Cross Fleury - Adorned at the ends with flowers, generally the fleur-de-lis.

Cross Fourchee - Having the ends forked as branches, with the ends terminating abruptly, as if cut off.

Cross Formee - Resembling the cross patée, but differing in that its extremities reach the edge of the field.

Cross Moline - So called because its shape resembles a millrind (the iron clamp of the upper millstone). It is borne both inverted and rebated, and sometimes saltirewise or in saltire. When used as a mark of cadency it represents the eighth son.

Cross of Calvary (or Cross of the Crucififixion) - Represented mounted on three steps.

Cross of St. George - A plain red cross on a white field. It would be blazoned "Argent, a cross gules."

Cross Patee - The emblem of the Knights of St. John, and is known as the Croix de Malthe. It spreads out at the ends.

Cross Patonce - This has expanded ends like the cross patée, but each terminates in three points.

Cross Pommee - With the ends terminating in single balls.

Cross Potent - One which has its ends T-shaped, or resembling a crutch. (Also written potence.)

Cross Raguly - A notched or jagged cross.

Cross Recercelee - A cross whose ends are split and curled outward. It is usually voided.

Cross Urdee - Differs from an ordinary cross only in that the extremities are drawn to a sharp point instead of being cut straight.

Cross Voided - A cross in outline only.

Cross-bar - Sometimes used to designate the bar sinister; a mark of illegitimacy.

Crossbow - [See ARBALEST.]

Crossed - Borne crosswise.

Crosswise - In the figure of a cross. (Essentially the same as CROSSED.)

Crown - The crown of a sovereign prince is usually closed at the top by four arched bars, called diadems, and surmounted by a globe and cross.

A crown placed below the crest does not denote the rank of the bearer.

Iron Crown - A crown which, besides its gold and jewels, contains a thin circle of iron, said to have been made from a nail of Christ's cross. It was first used at the coronation of the Lombard kings in A.D. 591. Napoleon I was crowned with it in Milan in 1805.

Crowned - Surmounted by a crown. Sometimes a beast, generally the lion, is crowned royally or ducally.

Crucilly - (cru'sil-ly) Said of a charge or field strewn with crosses.

Crusade - One of the several expeditions of Christian knights against the Mohammedans in the Holy Land. There were seven distinct crusades.

Crusader - One who took part in the crusades.

Cubit Arm - An arm cut off at the elbow.

Cuppa - (kup'-pa) A fur composed of any metal and color. Also called Potent-counter-potent.

Currant - The same as courant.

Curvant - (kurv'-ant) Curved; bowed.

Cygnet royal - (sig'-net) A swan gorged with a ducal coronet, and a chain attached thereto, being reflexed over the back.



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