Who's Who in Medieval History
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Pope Urban II was also known as:
Pope Urban II was known for:
Places of Residence and Influence:
Elected Pope: March 12, 1088
Speech at Council of Clermont: Nov. 27, 1095
Died: July 29 , 1099
About Pope Urban II:
The Pontificate of Urban II:
As pope, Urban had to deal with the antipope Clement III and the ongoing Investiture Controversy. He was successful in asserting his legitimacy as pope, but his reform policies did not take thorough hold throughout Europe. He did, however, establish a softer stance on the Investiture Controversy that would later make a resolution possible. Long aware of the difficulties pilgrims had been having in the Holy Land, Urban used Emperor Alexius Comnenos' call for help as the basis for calling Christian knights to arms in the First Crusade. Urban also called together several important church councils, including those at Piacenza, Clermont, Bari and Rome, passing notable reform legislation.
More Pope Urban II Resources:
Pope Urban II on the Web
Catholic Encyclopedia: Pope Bl. Urban II
Thorough biography by R. Urban Butler.
Council of Clermont: Five Versions
Five versions of the speech, plus a letter of instruction, in modern English translation. Provided by Paul Halsall at his Medieval Sourcebook.
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