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Vlad Dracula

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Portrait of Vlad Dracula by an unknown artist

Portrait of Vlad Dracula by an unknown artist, 17th-century

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This profile of Vlad Dracula is part of
Who's Who in Medieval History

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Vlad Dracula was also known as:

Vlad Drakula, Vlad III, Prince Vlad of Walachia (or Wallachia), Vlad the Impaler (Tepes, Tepesh or Tzepes); in Turkish, Kaziklu Bey ("the Impaling Prince"). Vlad used the name "Dracula" during his lifetime, but he never referred to himself as "the impaler"; that epithet was applied mostly by his enemies, after his death.

Vlad Dracula was known for:

His fierce defense of Walachia against the Turks and his horrific brutality. Bram Stoker used the name "Dracula" for his fictional vampire count, but the historical Dracula was never known for any form of vampirism, though he did shed quite a lot of blood in his day.

Occupations and Role in Society:

Places of Residence and Influence:

Important Dates:

Born: November or December, probably in 1431
Died: December, 1476

About Vlad Dracula:

Vlad Dracula was a notoriously cruel prince who ruled, in three separate reigns, over the Romanian principality of Wallachia with extreme harshness. Yet he managed to develop commerce, reduce lawlessness, strengthen the army and make Wallachia into a stronger, more independent state. After his death, many terrible stories of his horrific deeds were circulated, especially by Germans in pamphlets printed with the new-fangled printing press. Yet he is remembered as a hero by the Romanians for his resistance to the invading Ottoman Turks.

Bram Stoker used Dracula's name for his fictional vampire count, though how much about the real Vlad Dracula the author had learned is up for debate. It is important to note, however, that the historical Vlad was not only not a vampire, but there were no legends or rumors circulating that he may have been a vampire until Stoker used his name for his fictional creation.

For more about Vlad Dracula, see your Guide's Concise Biography.

Vlad Dracula Resources:

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  3. Medieval History
  4. People & Places
  5. Who's Who
  6. V Who
  7. Vlad Dracula
  8. Vlad Dracula - Prince Vlad III of Walachia, the Real Dracula, Vlad the Impaler

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