Not merely a monk, Matthew Paris rubbed elbows with kings, and wrote extensive and detailed chronicles of events in the 13th century. He was also an artist, and included a depiction of himself sneakily writing in one of his manuscripts.
Salah Ad-din Yusuf Ibn Ayyub, or Saladin, was the most famous Muslim hero and a consummate military tactician. His capture of Jerusalem from the Crusaders prompted Christian forces to initiate The Third Crusade.
They wanted to blind him and cut out his tongue, and so they attacked him in the streets of Rome. But Pope Leo III had Charlemagne on his side.
Henry Tudor became King Henry VII of England after defeating Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field. He was frugal, cautious and, when it came to threats to the throne, ruthless.
Was he a real historical figure or just a myth? Can we ever know? An introduction to the historicity of King Arthur.
Known as Sibyl of the Rhine for her musical compositions and poetry, Hildegard of Bingen was a visionary mystic and abbess of the Benedictine cloister of Disibodenberg
The youngest son of Clovis and Clotilda, Chlotar ruled part of Frankish Gaul after the death of his father and acquired more after the deaths of his brothers.
Bridget is a patron saint of Sweden and Europe, and founded the order of the Brigittines.
The rousing music heard in John Boorman's Excalibur and many other shows and commercials was inspired by a collection of plays and songs found in a medieval German manuscript.
His exile from Iceland was only the beginning of his greatest adventure.