The map below depicts the general boundaries of the various nations of Europe in the Middle Ages. Click the text links below the map to go to a directory of maps for that region.
Please note that political boundaries changed radically throughout the Middle Ages and that this map shows merely an approximation of general areas over the course of more than a thousand years. Precision is not a viable option in this case.
You can find related materials about the history of Medieval Europe in directory of People & Places.
Since Iceland (not shown) was colonized by Scandinavians, for purposes of this directory it is considered part of Scandinavia.
(the Eastern Roman Empire)
The Holy Roman Empire
Maps of All of
(Continental maps and portions of the continent)
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About the Medieval Atlas
The Medieval Atlas is a directory of maps, charts, geographic drawings and illustrations, illuminations, and other cartographic representations of the world in general, and the geography of Europe in particular, during the Middle Ages. Both historical maps and period or "antique" maps are included.
For more about this atlas, return to the Medieval Atlas main page.
More at the Medieval History Site