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Who's Who in Medieval History and the Renaissance

St. Joan of Arc

1412-1431

Military Leader
Saint
Woman of Note

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France

Also known as Jeanne d'Arc, Joan the Maid, the Maid of Orléans and the Maid of Lorraine, Joan was a simple peasant girl who claimed to hear the voices of saints telling her she must help the Dauphin gain the throne of France. This she did, though whether it was through her leadership or through her use by others as a pawn is still debated.

Not long after the Dauphin was crowned King Charles VII, she was captured by the Burgundians, turned over to the English, and tried and burned as a heretic. Her martyrdom did much to unite and invigorate the French, who turned the tide of the war and at last drove the English out of France 20 years later.


Important Dates

Dictated letters to the English: March 22, 1429
Siege of Orléans raised: May 8, 1429
Captured by the Burgundians: May 23, 1430
First public session in trial: Feb. 21, 1431
Executed: May 30, 1431


From Your Guide

Madness in the Messenger
A review of Luc Besson's film, useful links, and other films to watch.


Image

Joan of Arc
This public-domain graphic from the 1912 publication The France of Joan of Arc is free for your use. Part of the Medieval and Renaissance History Portrait Gallery here at this site.


On the Web

General Sites
Biographies
Images
Primary Sources
Specialty Sites


In Print

Joan of Arc in Print


On Film

The Passion of Joan of Arc
This 1928 silent masterpiece focuses on the trial of Joan in what is unmistakably the most astonishing and compelling film about the Maid ever produced. Beautifully remastered and accompanied by an awe-inspiring score by Richard Einhorn and the Voices of Light, this is a must-see for anyone interested in Joan, in the path of conscience, or in classic cinema.


Related Resources

The Hundred Years' War
An index of sites that focus on the war in which Joan fought.

Medieval France
General history, people, places, maps and more about France in the Middle Ages.

Women of the Middle Ages
A multilevel index to online biographies, general introductions and in-depth analyses of medieval women in all walks of life.

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